Root Canal Treatment
Root canal is a treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth instead of removing it, the inflamed pulp is removed.
About Root Canal Treatment
The term “root canal” comes from cleaning of the canals inside a tooth’s root, teeth have a soft core called dental pulp ,Pulp exists inside each tooth, providing the tooth with nerves and nutrients, maybe tissue can sometimes die if it is damaged or diseased, once the nerve and pulp is removed, the root canal is cleaned and sealed for protection.
For protection we replacing the tooth with a dental implant, bridge or removable partial denture.
The name of the dental procedure commonly referred to as a “root canal” is actually endodontic therapy, which means “inside the tooth”.
A root canal treatment is used to repair the damaged inside of a tooth, it is also called endodontic treatment.
A tooth consists of a crown and roots, the crown is mainly above the gum, while the roots are below it, the roots attach the tooth to the jawbone.
It involves drilling a hole into the tooth and removing the soft center, known as the dental pulp, the dental pulp is made up of connective tissue, nerves and blood supply, and extends into the roots of the tooth, after the pulp is removed.
The pulp extends from the crown to the tip of the tooth’s root in the jawbone, contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue, signs and symptoms may include hole in your tooth, toothache and gum swelling.
So if the pulp becomes injured or diseased, it cannot repair itself, and the tissue dies.
So the root canal treatment can save a badly infected or damaged tooth, the tooth may have become infected or damaged by decay, repeated dental work, wear and tear, gum disease, cracked fillings or an injury to the tooth.
So can the bacteria enter the pulp, Left untreated, bacteria and decaying material can cause a serious infection or a tooth abscess, leading to pulp death, bone loss and loss of the tooth itself, or can Injury to the tooth also can cause pulp damage and inflammation.
If there is a deep cavity, a cracked tooth, or a loose filling, and the dental pulp is damaged, bacteria can start to multiply inside the tooth, this can lead to an infection or abscess, an infection will weaken the bone and break it down, the ligaments around the tooth will swell, and the tooth will become loose.
Without treatment, the infection will spread, eventually, the tooth will become loose and need extracting.
Saving your own tooth if possible is important, losing a tooth can lead to other problems in the mouth, replacing a lost tooth with an artificial one often needs more complex dental procedures, root canal treatment is often the best way of saving a tooth.
After the diseased pulp is removed, the pulp chamber and root canals are flushed and cleaned, the root canals may be reshaped and enlarged to allow better access for filling, Before permanently filling the root canals, they are cleaned of all infection and dried, sometimes we put medication into root canals to clear any infection, if infection has spread beyond the tooth, you may need a prescription for antibiotics, After root canal therapy, a temporary filling is placed in the crown to protect the tooth and keep out debris and saliva, avoid biting or chewing on the tooth until it’s been permanently treated and restored, after cleaning and drying, interior of the empty pulp chamber and root canals a sealer paste and rubber compound is used to fill the tooth, if you had a temporary filling, it will be removed to allow access to the inside of the tooth, , followed by a dental filling to make sure the root canals are protected from saliva, the final stage of the root canal is restoring your tooth, because the tooth typically has a large filling or is weakened from extensive decay, it needs to be protected from future damage and returned to normal function, this is usually done by placing a crown a realistic-looking artificial tooth over your tooth.
A crown is typically made of gold, porcelain or porcelain fused to metal, but other materials may be used, crowns made of porcelain or porcelain fused to metal can be tinted to match the color of your other teeth, sometimes a metal post must first be inserted in the tooth for structural support and to keep the crown in place if there is significant tooth structure missing, after your root canal, your restored tooth with the new crown should work like a natural tooth and look cosmetically pleasing, you should have good dental and oral hygiene, your restored tooth could last a lifetime, the first few days after your root canal, the tooth may be sensitive.
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